ATC coordinates the ICOS atmospheric station networks by providing centralized data processing of atmospheric measurements, and a laboratory dedicated to the evaluation of new censors and instruments to be deployed in the network. The ATC is operated by Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement (France) and the Finnish Meteorological Institute (Finland).
OTC provides comprehensive co-ordination of the ICOS marine carbon cycle observing network by providing technical support for observations and data management. The OTC is operated by Bjerknes Centre of Climate Research (Norway), National Oceanography Centre Southampton, University of Exeter and Plymouth Marine Laboratory in UK, and GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research, Germany.
ETC supports the ICOS ecosystem network by providing technical assistance and training, processing the data coming from the stations, developing and testing new measurement methods and associated processing algorithms. ETC is operated by University of Tuscia, the Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change (Italy), Research Center of Excellence on Plant and Vegetation Ecology at the University of Antwerp (Belgium) and National Institute for Agricultural Research (France).
CAL activities include the operation of a central Flask and Calibration Laboratory (FCL) and a Central Radiocarbon Laboratory (CRL) for the analysis of 14CO2 samples. CAL ensures the accuracy of observational data, thorough quality control and routine testing of air sampling material. The laboratories are operated by Institut für Umweltphysik, University of Heidelberg and Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry (Germany).
The ICOS data is made available through the Carbon Portal. The platform works as a “one-stop shop” where anybody who is interested can discover and access all data produced within the ICOS station network. The Carbon Portal is an operative unit of ICOS ERIC and hosted by Lund University in partnership between Sweden and the Netherlands.
ICOS Research Infrastructure is coordinated and integrated by the Head Office. The Head Office manages the legal entity ICOS ERIC, European Research Infrastructure Consortium. Head Office is an operative unit of ICOS ERIC and hosted by Finland.