Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS) is a pan-European research infrastructure which provides harmonised and high-precision scientific data on carbon cycle and greenhouse gas budget and perturbations.
ICOS – An Environmental Pan-European Research Infrastructure
ICOS is a pan-European research infrastructure founded in 2008, with the Head Office located in Helsinki, Finland. ICOS Research Infrastructure (ICOS RI) provides data on greenhouse gas concentrations and is thus part of the European environmental Research Infrastructure landscape.
ICOS ERIC – European Research Infrastructure Consortium
ICOS Research Infrastructure is coordinated and integrated by the ICOS European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ERIC). ICOS ERIC was established by the decision of the European Commission in November 2015, with the statutory seat in Finland. ICOS is one of 13 currently existing ERICs.
The legal entity of ICOS European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ERIC) has held a Landmark status in the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) Roadmap since March 2016. The ESFRI Roadmap identifies new Research Infrastructures (RI) of pan-European interest corresponding to the long-term needs of the European research communities, covering all scientific areas, regardless of possible location.
ERIC is a specific legal form designed to facilitate the joint establishment and operation of research infrastructures of European interest.
Coordination and Participation in the EU Horizon 2020 Projects
ICOS is coordinating and taking part in several of the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation projects. Horizon 2020 is the largest EU Research and Innovation programme with a total of 80 billion euros in funding over a period of 7 years (from 2014 to 2020).
Currently, ICOS ERIC is coordinating the Horizon 2020 project RINGO, as well as taking part in the RISCAPE, SEACRIFOG, EOSCpilot and DANIUS-PP projects. The ICOS Director General is also coordinating an ENVRIplus project, for historical reasons currently under the University of Helsinki. This project coordination will be transferred to ICOS ERIC in 2017.
Engaging in Initiatives
ICOS ERIC is co-coordinating a recently launched GEO Carbon and Greenhouse Gas Initiative that aims towards the integration of greenhouse gas data and information across the domains.
Funded by Member and Observer States
ICOS Research Infrastructure receives funding from Member and Observer countries through annual membership contributions, and through host contributions towards specific facilities in ICOS RI. The station networks are funded by different national agencies.