The impact is expected on the further development and sustainability of ICOS via scientific, technical and managerial progress and by deepening the integration into global observation and data integration systems.
Increasing the impact of ICOS is one of the main project’s Work Packages – WP 1 which main objective is to improve the impact and scientific readiness of ICOS for meeting future challenges in European and global GHGs budgeting, including top-down verification of COP21 commitments. This shall be achieved through four tasks, tackling scientific as well as socio-economic aspects:
• Analyse the impact of current ICOS monitoring towards possible mitigation strategies, including their cost-effectiveness
• Improve and supplement the current observation networks of ICOS by improving sampling and measurement strategies for (monitoring fossil fuel CO2 and verification of its emission inventories; supplementary and stable isotope tracers analysed on flask samples for CO2 and CH4 source apportionment and budgeting lateral carbon and GHGs fluxes via rivers, streams estuaries and ocean.
• Bridge current ground-based ICOS observations to satellite data via TCCON vertical GHGs profiling; space based air-sea gas exchange parameters and using ICOS ground-truth information and LIDAR for validation of biomass parameters through space-based imaging.
As part of the WP1, ICOS ERIC will publish strategy document on increasing impact of ICOS including a recommendation to ESFRI for comprehensive impact analyses for environmental RIs.
Furthermore, the project should have positive impact on the further technical development of GHG measurements; on industry and SME in technical development as well as membership and sustainability of ICOS ERIC. The countries aiming to join ICOS RI will have the possibility to further increase their maturity level and take steps for the full membership of ICOS ERIC. Increased geographical coverage supports the long-term sustainability of the entire infrastructure.
There’s also expected societal impact in the degree of knowledge transfer to the main policy forums such as IPCC, GCP and UNFCCC. By providing access to high quality data and data products in a transparent, well-organized and easily accessible way through the Carbon Portal, also the public will be able to relate better to climate science and monitoring.
This project has received funding from the
European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and
innovation programme under grant agreement No 730944.